News from Mitigation Momentum
and the international climate community

Most NAMAs and low carbon programmes that seek international climate finance appear to be facing difficulties in achieving financial close. This paper seeks to find insights to address the following question: what factors make a financial mechanism successful? The analysis’ results intend to provide insight to stakeholders in the climate finance community that are engaged in developing and implementing financial mechanisms for RE and/or EE programmes. As NDCs will require a significant scale up of the pipeline of RE and EE programmes globally, the research team provides recommendations to help stakeholders in the climate finance community to design and set up successful financial mechanisms.

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On 10 November, 2017, during COP23 in Bonn, Germany, Ecofys, a Navigant Company and ECN launched the Annual Status Report on NAMAs. It is the latest report of the NAMA Status Report series under the Mitigation Momentum Project, funded by the International Climate Initiative of the German Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety. This year’s edition explores three angles from which developing countries could drive the implementation of Nationally Determined Contributions, NDCs and the role of NAMAs:

  1. The wealth of experience and body of knowledge that has been built up by public officials and NAMA practitioners in developing NAMAs.
  2. The experience from project developers in designing financial mechanisms for low-carbon programmes, which have been successful in attracting international climate finance for implementation.
  3. The emerging approach of mainstreaming circular economy in climate project pipelines, which could help countries achieve not only mitigation targets but also sustainable development goals.

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The May 2017 edition of the NAMA Status Report show that NAMAs can be a key building block in unleashing private sector investments in NDC Implementation. As always, this 12th edition shows the latest statistics on NAMAs and finds that NAMA activity continues to be significant.

The analysis for this edition focuses on involving the private sector: the authors take a critical look at private sector involvement in different stages of development and implementation, and explore how this heterogeneous group can be unpacked according to their role(s) in the process. It builds on interviews with 15 NAMA implementers to get a sense how private actors have been involved in NAMA Support Projects, discussing what works and what does not. The final chapter of the report presents the different financing instruments that can be used by NAMAs to create investment opportunities for low-carbon activities.

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On 31st January Ecofys published a research paper on the landscape of multilateral climate finance for NAMAs. This paper seeks to enlighten government representatives and project developers on the available multilateral funding options for NAMAs and climate mitigation actions in general. Most importantly, it provides light on how they can access these resources. The paper focuses on the six largest multilateral development banks and the Green Climate Fund. While the latter has only been operational since 2015, governments have agreed in the international climate negotiations that a major share of new multilateral climate financing will be channelled through this Fund. Considering the importance of private sector investments in climate projects, the International Finance Corporation, a member of the World Bank Group that exclusively focuses on the private sector, is also analyzed.

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On 11 November 2016, Ecofys and ECN organized a Roundtable dinner on the topic Using Momentum: How can NDCs benefit from the Climate Finance experience of NAMAs? at the margins of COP22 in Marrakech. The objective of the dinner was to help foster a common understanding on opportunities as well as challenges with regards to NAMA financing amongst financiers, country representatives and NAMA developers, and to derive lessons learnt for broader NDC implementation.

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Launch of the Annual NAMA Status Report 2016

On 11 November, Ecofys and ECN launched the Annual NAMA Status Report 2016. It is the latest report of the NAMA Status Report series under the Mitigation Momentum Project, funded by the International Climate Initiative of the German Ministry for the Environment.

The Report finds that a large gap remains between the number of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMA) under development (184) and those that have managed to secure (partial) funding and have entered the implementation stage (19). Amongst others, it captures the experience and expectations of representatives of international financiers (AfDB, EBRD, GCF, IDC, World Bank) related to NAMA financing.

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The USAID Global Climate Change Office and the USAID Resources to Advance LEDS Implementation (RALI) Project published a new analysis on the post-2020 climate action plans of selected developing countries. This analysis helps climate change practitioners understand the status of each country’s national climate strategy and make strategic decisions about future activities related to the Paris Agreement.

Many INDCs are rooted in a variety of existing or in progress plans, policies, or programs, including NAMAs, national development plans, low-carbon development strategies, and National Climate Change Action Plans.

The Analysis of Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) presents summaries of the INDCs submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) by 37 developing countries, including partner countries of the Enhancing Capacity for Low Emissions Development Strategies (EC-LEDS)program. Each country profile includes information from the INDC on the:
· Unconditional and conditional greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction targets,
· Analytical basis for developing the emissions reduction targets,
· Mitigation actions being undertaken by the country,
· Adaptation strategies,
· Existing policy framework of the country’s INDC, and
· Financial and technical assistance required.

The country profiles also include insights on data quality and transparency, the most recently submitted GHG inventory to the UNFCCC, national GHG emissions by sector, and key documents for further consultation. In addition, the white paper presents a summary of total pledges, and regional and sectoral trend analyses for a deeper understanding of the broader implications of the INDCs.

Climate change practitioners can use this white paper to support and inform country-specific climate change mitigation or adaptation activities. The analysis complements the RALI project’s recently released CLEER Web tools, which help practitioners quantify the GHG reduction impacts of clean energy activities.

For more information, contact:

Jennifer Leisch
USAID Climate Change Specialist

Additional information about the USAID RALI project and the CLEER tool include:
- RALI Fact Sheet
- CLEER Web Tools
- CLEER Tool Webinar

This 2016 Mid-Year Report, launched at the beginning of the climate change conference in Bonn (SB sessions), is the first update report in the NAMA Status Report series after the adoption of the Paris Agreement at COP21. It takes a closer look at NAMAs in light of the Paris Agreement and includes contributions from government representatives that have been actively involved in NAMA development.

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Small and medium scale renewable energy generations can have large economics, strategic, environmental and development benefits for Indonesia. In three briefing notes published as part of the Mitigation Momentum project, ECN explores the rationale for expanding this type of power generation, focuses on the barriers currently preventing small and medium scale renewable energy development, and in the final paper proposes policy interventions and support that could overcome these barriers and create a more active sector.

Policy Brief - Rationale for small scale IPPs in Indonesia - March 2016

Policy Brief - Barriers for small scale IPPs in Indonesia - March 2016

Policy Brief - Promoting small and medium scale renewables in Indonesia - March 2016

The Mitigation Momentum team supported the UNFCCC in organising the second annual NAMA Fair on 2 December in Paris. Accompanying this year’s fair a video was developed to highlight the achievements and best practice examples among NAMAs. It illustrates how NAMAs are already supporting countries’ Sustainable Development Goals. The video tells the story of leading NAMAs, divers in theme and country of origin, including Kenya’s Geothermal NAMA which has been developed under the Mitigation Momentum project. Enjoy the final product here:

At COP21 in Paris, the MitigationMomentum team launches the 2015 Annual Status Report on NAMAs (Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions) at the international climate conference COP21. Please visit our side event “The Annual NAMA Status Report 2015: The Future of NAMAs Dec 1st from 10 -12- in the German Pavilion ( Blue Zone).
The team will also be present during the NAMA Fair on Wednesday Dec 2nd.

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Ethiopian stakeholders from the government, private sector, and international financial institutions convened in Addis Ababa on June 17, 2015 for a full day workshop to shape a Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA) in the rural electrification sector. H.E. Mr. Alemayehu Tegenu, Minister of Water, Irrigation and Energy (MoWIE) opened the meeting by showing appreciation to stakeholders for their participation and reminded participants that the NAMA under development plays a part in the implementation of the Ethiopian National Energy Policy and the country’s Green Climate Resilient Economy (GCRE) Strategy. “The NAMA fits into the plan of increasing energy access across Ethiopia, and expanding energy supply to the off-grid rural communities of the country”, the Minister said.

The full day workshop was divided into two parts; the first one set the scene with presentations about the Mitigation Momentum Project, the process to develop a NAMA, and a description of the status quo of renewable energy policies and applications in Ethiopia’s rural electrification sector.

The second part of the workshop allowed participants to work in groups around three NAMA ideas: (i) integrated renewable energy solutions; (ii) mini-grids for off-grid rural communities; and (iii) sustainable conversion of biomass. Each group picked one idea and carried out a qualitative assessment of barriers and risks to implementation, potential solutions to tackle barriers and risks, and the relevance of the NAMA idea in terms of greenhouse gas mitigation, sustainable development co-benefits, possible private sector leverage, and replicability potential, among other categories. Cross-cutting areas of intervention emerged from the discussions which will serve to formulate a NAMA that would fulfil Ethiopia’s needs.

Ecofys will assess the results of the working groups discussions, and in close coordination with MoWIE, will formulate a NAMA concept in more detail. The concept will be presented and discussed further in the next stakeholder workshop, which is scheduled for late August/early September.

The workshop was organized by the Ministry or Water, Irrigation and Energy of Ethiopia, in collaboration with Ecofys, as part of the Mitigation Momentum Project. For more information please contact Michèle Koper ( or Angélica Afanador (

At the climate change conference in Bonn (SB sessions), ECN and Ecofys launch the 2015 Mid-year Update of the Status Report on NAMAs (Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions).

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This study explores the main hurdles and barriers that small scale (mini) hydropower project developers in Indonesia face and considers what measures could be taken to alleviate or mitigate these problems. The study is based on interviews with over forty (40) independent power producers, bank representatives and other relevant persons active in the mini hydropower sector. This barrier analysis is conducted as part of the support ECN provides to the government of Indonesia on developing a Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA) to support private investments in small and medium scale, grid-connected renewable electricity generation.

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At the international climate conference COP20, in Lima, ECN and Ecofys launch the 2014 Annual Status Report on NAMAs (Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions).

Please visit our launch event on Monday December 8th in the Westin Lima Hotel and Convention Center in Lima.

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Mitigation Momentum continues to receive support from the International Climate Initiative (ICI) to support NAMA activities in a number of partner countries. New partner countries include Ethiopia, Georgia and Thailand where the scope of the activities is in the process of being defined according to country needs. NAMA support will continue in Kenya, Indonesia, Peru and Tunisia

At COP19 in Warsaw ECN and Ecofys will present the 2013 Annual Status Report on NAMAs. The report includes an up to date snapshot of current NAMA developments around the world as well as an analysis and overview of where progress is most needed. In addition, the report presents opinion pieces on NAMA related issues from nine leading organisations closely involved in NAMA development.

Please visit our launch event on Tuesday November 19th in the Polonia Palace Hotel in Warsaw. After the event, the report will be available for download.

Link to Mitigation Momentum Side Event Flyer >

The MitigationMomentum team in Peru participated in a two-day workshop on training on NAMA development. In this two-day NAMA Workshop, participants discussed specific mitigation concepts and identified key steps to be taken for the development and implementation of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) in three sectors in Peru: Bioenergy, transport and construction industry.

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The MitigationMomentum team in Indonesia held the official launch for the MitigationMomentum project in Indonesia in Jakarta (national launch) and North Sumatra (regional level).

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The MitigationMomentum team in Kenya organized together with the Ministry of Energy and the Ministry of Environment and Mineral Resources / Climate Change Secretariat a 1-day workshop concerning the development of a geothermal NAMA in Kenya.

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The annual status report for 2012 has just been released. An official launch was held at a side-event during the COP 18 in Doha, Qatar.

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